BY ORDER OF THE COMMANDER,USAF AIR COMBAT COMMAND TACTICAL AIR COMMAND TAC7th SEPTEMBER, 2008 20th VIRTUAL FIGHTER WING, 9th AIRFORCE
STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES
COMPLIANCE WITH THIS PUBLICATION IS MANDATORY
Commanding Officer (v) Col Badger
Deputy Wind Commander (v) Col Weasel
Created September 7, 2008
Revised October 4, 2011
This handbook provides the 20th VFW F-16 pilots a single-source, comprehensive document containing fundamental Standard Operating Procedures. This handbook is the primary F-16 fighter fundamentals reference document for Air Combat Command (ACC), Pacific Air Forces (PACAF), United States Air Forces in Europe (USAFE), Air Force Reserve (USAFR), Air National Guard (ANG), and Air Education and Training Command (AETC).
The 20th VFW Standing Orders (SO), Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) are published under the authority of the Commanding Officer. They have been developed for the 20th VFW members to insure that each Squadron that falls under the command of 20th VFW operate in a realistic environment.
This Instruction outlines the procedures applicable to the safe operation of the F-16. With the complementary references cited, this Instruction prescribes standard operational procedures to be used by all 20th Virtual fighter Wing F-16 pilots.
The 20th VFW is "RAMP TO RAMP" Wing
In order to have everyone operating on the same level, it is essential that all members of the 20th acquaint themselves with, obey and enforce these orders.
All members shall read and familiarize themselves with the contents of this publication on an annual basis or as directed by the undersigned.
1.1.1.Scope. This Instruction outlines the procedures applicable to the safe operation of the F-16. With the complementary references cited, this Instruction prescribes standard operational procedures to be used by all 20th Virtual Fighter Wing USAF F-16 pilots. 1.1.2.Pilot's Responsibility. This Instruction, in conjunction with other governing directives, prescribes procedures for F-16 under most circumstances, but is not to be used as a substitute for sound judgment or common sense. Operations or procedures not specifically addressed may be accomplished if they enhance safe, effective mission accomplishment.
1.1.3. References: The primary references for F-16 operations are T O.s 1F-16-1, 1-1C-1, 1-1C-1-30, MCMs 3-1 and 3-3, AFI 11-214 (AFR 55-79), and this instruction. Training units may develop phase manuals from the procedures contained in these documents. Phase manuals may be used to augment initial and mission qualification training at operational units. Phase manuals may expand these basic procedures; in no case will they be less restrictive.
STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES
SOP No. 1. Establish a Connection to the Teamspeak 3 voice communications server. Advise other pilots in Teamspeak that you are on line.
SOP No. 2. All members must have a good working install of the wing standard. Only approved add-ons from the wings authority will be allowed.
SOP No. 3. All pilots that have signed up for a scheduled flight are expected to be on time and ready to fly. The Flight Lead will only delay the flight a maximum of ten (10) min. to wait for late pilots.
SOP No. 4. Understand the Connection Setup.
Start the Comms Window
SOP No. 5. Entering the Chat Lobby
SOP No. 6. Entering the Game
SOP No.7. Flight Planning and Briefing
SOP No. 8. Conduct a Ready Check In
SOP No. 9. Conduct Committing Call
SOP No 10. "In the Jet" Call and Taxiing Procedures
SOP No. 11. After takeoff
SOP No. 12. Crash/Ejecting Procedure
SOP No 13. Landing/Debrief
1.New pilots are required to complete an O-Flight which allows the IP to confirm there will be no connection problems. Once a recruit has successfully completed the O-flight, he or she will be placed into the 78th Fighter Training Squadron for further training/evaluation. O-Flights must be completed within 14 days of acceptance into the wing. 2.Recruits have the option to enter the Basic Pilot Training program or to request an Experienced Pilot Qualification test and flight. Upon successful completion of the qualifying flight, the recruit will be promoted to Second Lieutenant, as a probationary pilot for a 30 day period, and assigned to a Combat Squadron. If the qualifying process is unsuccessful, then the recruit will remain in the 78th Fighter Training Squadron as a Pilot Officer and placed into the BPT program.
Port Forwarding & Speed Testing
Prior to attempting any online flight with Falcon you must ensure the following:
- All anti virus software is turned off (Norton Anti Virus is prohibited)
- Windows Firewall and Windows Defender are disabled through the Services menu of the Control Panel
- If behind a Router, ports 2934, 2935 and 9987-9989 UDP are opened
If you need help with any of these procedures get on Teamspeak and ask someone to help you out.
NORMAL OPERATING PROCEDURES
5.1. Ground Visual Signals
5.2. Ground/Taxi Operations
5.2.1.Taxi Interval. Minimum taxi interval is 150 feet staggered or 300 feet in trail. Spacing may be reduced when holding short of, or entering the runway.
5.2.2. Quick Check and Arming. Once each aircraft is holding short of active runway or in an arming bay, flight lead will state cleared to arm and hot pit refuel. Each pilot will then request arming and hot pit refuel on tower frequency. When ready each pilot will call (callsign) Armed and Ready
Example: Ramp control Cowboy 11 request arming and hot pit refuel. -----Cowboy 11; armed and ready.
5.3.1. Takeoff interval between aircraft/elements will be a minimum of 10 seconds (15 seconds for afterburner). When join-up is to be accomplished on top or when carrying live air-to-surface ordnance, takeoff interval will be increased to a minimum of 20 seconds.
5.3.9. After releasing brakes, aircraft/elements will steer toward the centre of the runway.
5.4.Â Inflight Communications
5.4.1. Brevity code and other terminology will be FM 203-97.18 Multi Service Brevity Codes.pdf.
5.4.2. It is imperative that all pilots understand the use of UHF and VHF channel procedures.
5.4.3. Flight members are required to acknowledge flight lead or other directives in a timely manner.
5. 5. Radio Failure
5.5.1. A pilot who experiences total radio failure should hit "shift T" and so advise the other members.
5. 6. UHF
5.6.1. UHF or Uniform channels will always be the main frequency in which all flight members will monitor throughout the entire mission. UHF channels are strictly used for ATC, AWACS, and GCI Control and are strictly used by the Flight leads of each flight.
5.6.2. All 20th Pilots will use these UHF channels as assigned
UHF 12 is for Air to Air Refueling
UHF 13 (TAC) is strictly designated for En-route operations
UHF 15 is Primary Airbase Frequency
UHF 16 is designated as Alternate Airbase Frequency
5. 7. VHF
5.7.1. VHF or victor channels are dedicated as inner flight communications channels. Each flight during a briefing is assigned a VHF channel which will be used between flight members. Inner flight communications is only used on designated victor channels.
5. 8. Ramp Start Procedures
5.8.1. Prior to engine start all flight members will complete a radio check on backup UHF channel as briefed, when called for by flight lead. Once all members of the flight are in the pit with the canopies up, Flight lead will call for the flight to check in.
Note: The backup UHF channel number will be the same as their assigned VHF channels.
5.8.2. Once the order has been cleared to start all flight members will Close their Canopies and start engines. If at any time a flight member has a problem during start they shall inform Flight lead immediately.
5.8.2. The call to Go or Push Uniform 15 will be given at the discretion of the flight lead. Once all flight members are switched over and radio check is complete, the flight lead will proceed to obtain a clearance on Uniform 15. This should be completed five minutes prior to taxi.
5.9. Taxi Clearance
5.9.1. Note: Once aligned, each flight member will turn on taxi light and call aligned and ready to taxi. Flight lead will not call for taxi until all flight members have called ready.
5.9.2. One minute prior to takeoff time flight lead shall taxi into position and hold.
5.10. Line up
5.10.1 Once the flight has been cleared to position each flight member will taxi to their respective positions and shall call ready within five seconds on VHF. Flight leads shall wait until all members have called ready before giving the order to run them up.
5.11.1 Standard departure is 5 degrees nose up to and maintain 350kts. Use burner to 350kts and then come out of burner. Joining your lead is priority here. During the departure phase flight lead will not call gear up or out of burner. So make sure you have your flight on data link. Using radar on TWS to soft lock lead is a good way to tie up ASAP. Remember if using radar DO NOT ARM MASTER ARM SWITCH and keep your finger off the pickle button.
5.11.2 Get tied and into position as soon as possible.
5.12 Mission Complete
5.12.1 Just like the startup, the shutdown is similar. It is important for all pilots to remain in the 3D world until the flight is finished. Thus it is recommended that even if a member has to eject he/she MUST remain in the 3D world.
5.12.2When members have completed their shutdown procedures, they will announce on UHF that they are shut down and ready to exit the 3D world. 5.12.3When the Host has identified that all pilots are shut down and ready to exit, the order will be given where pilots will exit and standby in TS for the flights debrief. 5.13Debrief 5.13.1The debriefing is an essential part of the flight. Here is where we learn what went right and what went wrong. Each pilot is then given an opportunity to critique the mission, and input what they would like to see implemented in the future.